An illustration of the pop-up rephrasing prompt window.

Suggest constructive rephrased messages

Improve conversations on divisive topics

Our confidence rating


Share This Intervention

What It Is

Use large language model to offer users rephrased comments to encourage constructive conversations

When To Use It

If conversations on divisive topics are hampered by incivility and you want to encourage more constructive discussion among users

What Is Its Intended Impact

Improve civility of discussions

Evidence That It Works

Evidence That It Works

Argyle et al. (2023) conducted an online experiment where pairs of participants discussed controversial topics. Some of the participants had access to an AI assistant that suggested rephrasing comments to either 1) restate the message of their conversational dialogue, implying understanding; 2) validate the other participant’s perspective; or 3) make the message more polite. Access to such an AI-assistant significantly improved their conversation partner’s reported conversation quality, and decreased a divisiveness metric created by the authors. Effect sizes estimated conservatively are in the 2.5-5% range. It is important to note it is unclear whether these results would generalize to scenarios where knowledge about these AI-tools (and that people are using them online) is widespread -- especially since participants in the “receiving” end (i.e., whose conversational partner had access to the chat bot), were not aware of it; and since the study never considered the case in which both participants had access to the AI assistant.

Why It Matters

Improving the quality of online conversation on divisive topics can help decrease polarization and increase the well-being of users.

Special Considerations


This intervention entry currently lacks photographic evidence (screencaps, &c.)


AI Chat Assistants can Improve Conversations about Divisive Topics

Lisa P. Argyle, E. Busby, J. Gubler, C. Bail, Thomas Howe, C. Rytting, D. Wingate
February 14, 2023

Is this intervention missing something?

You can help us! Click here to contribute a citation, example, or correction.

Further reading

Back to Prosocial Design Library