Consistent with a prior hypothesis that media literacy interventions might reduce belief in false news stories, researchers from MIT in both the United States and in India exposed random participants to a media literacy intervention. In the study, participants were presented with reminders for how to gauge the accuracy of a news source.
Results from the first wave of the US study show a decrease of nearly 0.2 points on a 4-point scale, with a higher score denoting a stronger belief that the article is factual. Similar effects of the media literacy intervention are observed on the perceived accuracy of hyperpartisan headlines. The decrease in score suggests that participants, when prompted to think about accuracy in more actionable ways, were more critical of sharing articles in their newsfeed.