Headline Rating Interstitial

Reduce sharing of misinformation

Tested

Convincing

Headline Rating Interstitial

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Overview

What It Is

Asks a user to rate the accuracy of the headline of a non-political news story.

When To Use It

As an interstitial, this should appear while a user is sharing a post or link, before their post goes live.

What Is Its Intended Impact

Users exposed to this prompt go on to share higher-quality news sources, and are more selective about content they interact with on the platform (liking, commenting etc., higher quality posts and shares) for at least the following 24 hours.

How We Know It Works

Why It Might Work

"We find clear evidence that the single accuracy message made users more discerning in their subsequent sharing decisions." write the authors of the study. "Relative to baseline, the accuracy message increased the average quality of the news sources shared, t(5378)=2.90, p=.004, and the total quality of shared sources summed over all posts, t(5378)=3.12, p=.002."

"This translates into increases of 4.8% and 9.0% respectively when estimating the treatment effect for user-days on which tweets would occur in treatment (that is, excluding user-days in the “never-taker” principal stratum[...] because the treatment cannot have an effect when no tweets would occur in either treatment or control); including user-days with no tweets yields an increase of 2.1% and 4.0%in average and total quality, respectively.

"Furthermore, the treatment more than tripled the level of sharing discernment (i.e., difference in number of mainstream versus fake/hyper-partisan links shared per user-day; interaction between post-treatment dummy and link type, t(5378)=3.27, p=.001)."

Why It Matters

On top of the immediate effects for any given users, this has a cascading effect to their followers who in turn are exposed to less misinformation.

Special Considerations

Improving the quality of the content shared by one user improves the content that their followers see, and therefore improves the content their followers share. This in turn improves what the followers’ followers see and share, and so on. Thus, the cumulative effects of such an intervention may be substantially larger than what is observed when only examining the treated individuals–particularly given that the treatment is as effective, if not more so, for users with larger numbers of followers.

– Pennycook & al. 2019

Examples

No items found.

Our Confidence Rating

Convincing

Convincing Grades are for interventions with peer-reviewed evidence. They have yet to face attempted replication. This is our penultimate grade.

in the wild

This intervention has precedence, and exists, or has at one time or another, existed in the wild.

Citations

Intervention Specific Research

Shifting attention to accuracy can reduce misinformation online

Author(s)

Gordon Pennycook, Ziv Epstein, Mohsen Mosleh, Antonio Arechar, Dean Eckles, David Rand

Date of Publication

November 13, 2019

Sample Size(s) (N-values)

1015
5379

Affiliate(s)

MIT Media Lab

Entry Type

Research Article or Manuscript

Publication Status

Preprint

Study Design

Experimental

Online Impact

Citations

APA Citation

Pennycook, G., Epstein, Z., Mosleh, M., Arechar, A. A., Eckles, D., & Rand, D. G. (2019, November 13). Shifting attention to accuracy can reduce misinformation online. https://doi.org/10.31234/osf.io/3n9u8

1015

There's more to learn about this intervention. Want to help?

Do you think this intervention could have more benefits, unacknowledged drawbacks, or other inaccuracies that we've neglected to mention here?

We always welcome more evidence and rigorous research to back up, debunk, or augment what we know.

If you want to be a part of that effort, we'd love to have your help!

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Further Reading

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